Arcology, a portmanteau of "architecture" and "ecology", is a field of creating architectural design principles for very densely populated and ecologically low-impact human habitats. The term was coined in 1969 by architect Paolo Soleri, who believed that a completed arcology would provide space for a variety of residential, commercial, and agricultural facilities while minimizing individual human environmental impact.

The Buckner Building still stands but was deemed unfit for habitation after the 1969 earthquake. ==In popular culture== Most proposals to build real arcologies have failed due to financial, structural or conceptual shortcomings.


He advocated for greater "frugality" and favored greater use of shared social resources, including public transit (and public libraries). ==Similar real-world projects== Arcosanti is an experimental "arcology prototype" – a demonstration project under construction in central Arizona since 1970.


Larry Niven and Jerry Pournelle provided a detailed description of an arcology in their 1981 novel Oath of Fealty.

Arcologies are therefore found primarily in fictional works. Another significant example is the 1981 novel Oath of Fealty by Larry Niven and Jerry Pournelle, in which a segment of the population of Los Angeles has moved into an arcology.


William Gibson mainstreamed the term in his seminal 1984 cyberpunk novel Neuromancer, where each corporation has its own self-contained city known as arcologies.


The Dongtan project may have collapsed, and it failed to open for the Shanghai World Expo in 2010. McMurdo Station of the United States Antarctic Program and other scientific research stations on Antarctica resemble the popular conception of an arcology as a technologically advanced, relatively self-sufficient human community.

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