Buddy Holly


His elder siblings were Larry (born in 1925), Travis (1927–2016), and Patricia Lou (1929–2008).


Charles Hardin Holley (September 7, 1936 – February 3, 1959), known professionally as Buddy Holly, was an American singer-songwriter who was a central and pioneering figure of mid-1950s rock and roll.

Rolling Stone magazine ranked him number 13 in its list of "100 Greatest Artists". ==Life and career== ===Early life and career (1936–1955)=== Holly was born Charles Hardin Holley (spelled "-ey") on September 7, 1936, in Lubbock, Texas, the fourth child of Lawrence Odell "L.O." Holley (1901–1985) and Ella Pauline Drake (1902–1990).


His style was influenced by gospel music, country music, and rhythm and blues acts, which he performed in Lubbock with his friends from high school. He made his first appearance on local television in 1952, and the following year he formed the group "Buddy and Bob" with his friend Bob Montgomery.

In 1952 Holly and Jack Neal participated as a duo billed as "Buddy and Jack" in a talent contest on a local television show.


After Neal left, he was replaced by Bob Montgomery and they were billed as "Buddy and Bob." The two soon started performing on the Sunday Party show on KDAV in 1953 and performed live gigs in Lubbock.


In 1955, after opening for Elvis Presley, he decided to pursue a career in music.

Holly then modified his music by blending his earlier country and western (C&W) influence with R & B. By 1955, after graduating from Lubbock High School, Holly decided to pursue a full-time career in music.


Stone sent a demo tape, which Denny forwarded to Paul Cohen, who signed the band to Decca Records in February 1956.

In the contract, Decca misspelled Holly's surname as "Holly," and from then on he was known as "Buddy Holly," instead of the real name "Holley." On January 26, 1956, Holly attended his first formal recording session, which was produced by Owen Bradley.

In April 1956, Decca released "Blue Days, Black Nights" as a single, with "Love Me" on the B-side.


In September 1957, as the band toured, "That'll Be the Day" topped the US and UK singles charts.

Its success was followed in October by another major hit, "Peggy Sue". The album The "Chirping" Crickets, released in November 1957, reached number five on the UK Albums Chart.

On January 22, 1957, Decca informed Holly his contract would not be renewed, but insisted he could not record the same songs for anyone else for five years. ===The Crickets (1956–1957) === Holly was unhappy with the results of his time with Decca; he was inspired by the success of Buddy Knox's "Party Doll" and Jimmy Bowen's "I'm Stickin' with You", and visited Norman Petty, who had produced and promoted both records.

Holly concurrently held a recording contract with both labels. "That'll Be the Day" was released on May 27, 1957.

The resulting album, The "Chirping" Crickets, was released on November 27, 1957.

Holly and the Crickets performed "That'll Be the Day" and "Peggy Sue" on The Ed Sullivan Show on December 1, 1957.


Holly made his second appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show in January 1958 and soon after toured Australia and then the UK.

On December 29 Holly and the Crickets performed "Peggy Sue" on The Arthur Murray Party. ===International tours and split (1958)=== On January 8, 1958, Holly and the Crickets joined America's Greatest Teenage Recording Stars tour.

The inspiration to record the songs is sometimes attributed to the ending of his relationship with McGuire. On October 21, 1958, Holly's final studio session was recorded at the Pythian Temple on West 70th Street (now a luxury condominium).

Petty was still holding the money from the royalties, forcing Holly to form a new band and return to touring. ===Winter Dance Party tour and death (1959)=== Holly vacationed with his wife in Lubbock and visited Jennings's radio station in December 1958.


Charles Hardin Holley (September 7, 1936 – February 3, 1959), known professionally as Buddy Holly, was an American singer-songwriter who was a central and pioneering figure of mid-1950s rock and roll.

In early 1959, he assembled a new band, consisting of future country music star Waylon Jennings (bass), famed session musician Tommy Allsup (guitar), and Carl Bunch (drums), and embarked on a tour of the midwestern U.S.

Holly and Jennings left for New York City, arriving on January 15, 1959.

They then traveled by train to Chicago to join the rest of the band. The Winter Dance Party tour began in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on January 23, 1959.


As the success of the song grew, it brought more attention to Holly, with the band at the time being billed as "Buddy Holly and the Crickets" (although never on records during Holly's lifetime; the record labels identified the band as "Buddy Holly and the Crickets" beginning in 1962). In the last week of September, the band members flew to Lubbock to visit their families.


He was among the first artists inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in 1986.

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