Carlo Goldoni


In 1723 his father matriculated him into the stern Collegio Ghislieri in Pavia, which imposed the tonsure and monastic habits on its students.


His father died in 1731.


In 1732, to avoid an unwanted marriage, he left the town for Milan and then for Verona where the theatre manager Giuseppe Imer helped him on his way to becoming a comical poet as well as introducing him to his future wife, Nicoletta Conio.


He had come to realize that the Italian stage needed reforming; adopting Molière as his model, he went to work in earnest and in 1738 produced his first real comedy, L'uomo di mondo ("The Man of the World").

He also wrote Momolo Cortesan in 1738.


Goldoni returned with her to Venice, where he stayed until 1743. === Theatrical career === Goldoni entered the Italian theatre scene with a tragedy, Amalasunta, produced in Milan.

By 1743, he had perfected his hybrid style of playwriting (combining the model of Molière with the strengths of Commedia dell'arte and his own wit and sincerity).


This style was typified in La Donna di garbo, the first Italian comedy of its kind. After 1748, Goldoni collaborated with the composer Baldassare Galuppi, making significant contributions to the new form of 'opera buffa'.


Goldoni enjoyed considerable popularity in France; in 1769, when he retired to Versailles, the King gave him a pension.


It premiered on 4 February 1771, almost nine months after the dauphin's marriage to Marie Antoinette.


Carlo Osvaldo Goldoni (, also , ; 25 February 1707 – 6 February 1793) was an Italian playwright and librettist from the Republic of Venice.


In 1966 it was adapted into an opera buffa by the American composer Vittorio Giannini.


In 2011, Richard Bean adapted the play for the National Theatre of Great Britain as One Man, Two Guvnors.

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