The word is now used as a synonym for the number zero. Alexander Wylie, Christian missionary to China, in 1853 already refuted the notion that "the Chinese numbers were written in words at length", and stated that in ancient China, calculation was carried out by means of counting rods, and "the written character is evidently a rude presentation of these".
For another example 67, in Chinese is sixty seven, short for year nineteen sixty seven, a common Chinese shorthand for the Hong Kong 1967 leftist riots. == Counting rod and Suzhou numerals == In the same way that Roman numerals were standard in ancient and medieval Europe for mathematics and commerce, the Chinese formerly used the rod numerals, which is a positional system.
With the introduction of SI units, some of them have been incorporated as SI prefixes, while the rest have fallen into disuse. ===Small numbers from Buddhism=== ===SI prefixes=== In the People's Republic of China, the early translation for the SI prefixes in 1981 was different from those used today.
June Fourth, a common Chinese shorthand for the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests (because of the violence that occurred on June 4).
These were once used by Chinese mathematicians, and later in Chinese markets, such as those in Hong Kong before the 1990s, but have been gradually supplanted by Arabic (and also Roman) numerals. ==Characters used to represent numbers== The Chinese character numeral system consists of the Chinese characters used by the Chinese written language to write spoken numerals.
Likewise, (literally "twenty-one century") is used for "21st century". Numbers of years are commonly spoken as a sequence of digits, as in ("two zero zero one") for the year 2001.
Chinese Catholics call Sunday "" , "Lord's day". Full dates are usually written in the format 2001年1月20日 for January 20, 2001 (using "year", "month", and "day") – all the numbers are read as cardinals, not ordinals, with no leading zeroes, and the year is read as a sequence of digits.
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