From the late 1920s on, Jawaharlal Nehru, who had a long-standing interest in world affairs among independence leaders, formulated the Congress stance on international issues.
However, the country's oldest political party, the Indian National Congress, had established a small foreign department in 1925 to make overseas contacts and to publicise its independence struggle.
Since gaining independence from Britain in 1947, however, India is now classified as a newly industrialised country and has cultivated an extensive network of foreign relations with other states.
When India gained independence in 1947, few Indians had experience in making or conducting foreign policy.
As Prime Minister from 1947, Nehru articulated India's approach to the world. India's international influence varied over the years after independence.
After India gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1947, it soon joined the Commonwealth of Nations and strongly supported independence movements in other colonies, like the Indonesian National Revolution.
Indian prestige and moral authority were high in the 1950s and facilitated the acquisition of developmental assistance from both East and West.
In the late 1980s, India improved relations with the United States, other developed countries, and China while continuing close ties with the Soviet Union.
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Page generated on 2021-08-05