The two countries had almost gone to war over their border in 1963 but finally chose to settle by peaceful means.
Niger belongs to the United Nations and its main specialized agencies and in 1980-81 served on the UN Security Council.
In 2001 the two parties chose to have the International Court of Justice (ICJ) decide on the matter once and for all.
In 2005, the ICJ ruled in Niger's favour. Niger has ongoing processes delimiting sections of their borders with Burkina Faso and Mali, disputes which date back to the colonial period.
Disputes between these post-independence nations have been minor and peaceful. ==See also== List of diplomatic missions in Niger List of diplomatic missions of Niger ==References== Stub created from US State Department Report, 2007.
In 2009, its Ambassador to the United Nations was Ibrahim A.
Australia, for instance, only signed the instruments of formal diplomatic relations with Niamey on 7 May 2009, through their respective consular officials at the UN. ==Border disputes== Libya has in the past claimed a strip along their border of about 19,400 km² in northern Niger.
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