International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry


IUPAC is also known for standardizing the atomic weights of the elements through one of its oldest standing committees, the Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights (CIAAW). ==Creation and history== The need for an international standard for chemistry was first addressed in 1860 by a committee headed by German scientist Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz.


The first publication on IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds was A Guide to IUPAC Nomenclature of Organic Compounds in 1900, which contained information from the International Congress of Applied Chemistry. ===Basic spellings=== IUPAC establishes rules for harmonized spelling of some chemicals to reduce variation among different local English-language variants.


This administrative office is headed by IUPAC's executive director, currently Lynn Soby. IUPAC was established in 1919 as the successor of the International Congress of Applied Chemistry for the advancement of chemistry.

IUPAC as such was established in 1919.

Below is the list of IUPAC Presidents since its inception in 1919. {|class="wikitable" !Term!!President!!Nationality |- |1920-1922||Charles Moureu|| |- |1923-1925||William Jackson Pope|| |- |1926-1928||Ernst Julius Cohen|| |- |1928-1934||Einar Biilman|| |- |1934-1938||N.


Germany was finally admitted into IUPAC during 1929.


After the war, East and West Germany were readmitted to IUPAC in 1973.


This motion was adopted by UNESCO at a meeting in 2008.


Since World War II, IUPAC has been focused on standardizing nomenclature and methods in science without interruption. In 2016, IUPAC denounced the use of chlorine as a chemical weapon.

All text is taken from Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License .

Page generated on 2021-08-05