One such example was the rebellion of the Virgin Cult in Chiapas in 1721, where the followers of the Virgin Mary rebelled against the Spanish after having been told by an apparition of the virgin that Moctezuma would be resuscitated to assist them against their Spanish oppressors.
In the Quisteil rebellion of the Yucatec Maya in 1761, the rebel leader Jacinto Canek reportedly called himself "Little Montezuma". ==Portrayals and cultural references== ===Art, music, and literature=== The Aztec emperor is the title character in several 18th-century operas: Motezuma (1733) by Antonio Vivaldi; Motezuma (1771) by Josef Mysliveček; Montezuma (1755) by Carl Heinrich Graun; and Montesuma (1781) by Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli.
In 1766, the holder of the title became a Grandee of Spain.
Montezuma: Warlord of the Aztecs (Potomac Books, 2005).
Austin: University of Texas Press 2015. Lockhart, James (ed.
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