It has a length of , and was built in 1971–1977; it links Warsaw with Kraków and Katowice.
However, in the 1990s it was decided to deregulate the airport market and abolish the dominant position of PPL.
Typically, a city possesses its own local bus service, however, in some cases they have private competitors operating on certain lines upon the agreement with local authorities. Until the 1990s, interurban connections were operated by a single, state-owned company PKS.
See the list of town tramway systems in Poland Since the 1990s, a number of cities attempts to upgrade certain parts of their networks to the light rail standard (called szybkie tramwaje, En.
The most notable investments are Poznań Fast Tram and Kraków Fast Tram with the underground premetro section. === Trolleybus === Trolleybuses can be found in three cities: Gdynia (with some lines reaching Sopot), Lublin and Tychy. === Rapid transit === The first metro line was opened in Warsaw in 1995.
It is the westernmost broad-gauge railway line in Europe that is connected to the broad-gauge rail system of the countries of the former Soviet Union. === Rail system === Total: standard gauge : ( electrified; double track) broad gauge : narrow gauge (various) : various gauges including , , , and (1998) As of December 2002 narrow-gauge railways were no longer owned or operated by PKP.
This included the building of new terminals with an increased number of jetways and stands at both Copernicus Airport in Wrocław and Lech Wałęsa Airport in Gdańsk. ===Airports=== The Polish airline market was until 2004 a closed market, with bilateral agreements between countries served from the national hub – Warsaw.
Warsaw's airport is the main international hub for LOT Polish Airlines. In addition to Warsaw Chopin, Wrocław, Gdańsk, Katowice, Kraków and Poznań all have international airports. In preparation for the Euro 2012 football championships jointly hosted by Poland and Ukraine, a number of airports around the country were renovated and redeveloped.
Most trains on the CMK operate at speeds up to , but since December 2014 new Alstom Pendolino ED250 trains operate on a 90 km section of the CMK at , and improvements under way should raise the authorized speed to on most of the line.
A new network has been constructed in Olsztyn in 2015.
Part of the second line was opened in 2015.
As of December 2018, there are of motorways (autostrady, singular - autostrada) and of expressways (drogi ekspresowe, singular - droga ekspresowa). Motorways in Poland, (2018): A1 | A2 | A4 | A6 | A8 | A18 Expressways in Poland, (2018):S1 | S2 | S3 | S5 | S6 | S7 | S8 | S10 | S11 | S12 | S14 | S16 | S17 | S19 | S22 | S51 | S52 | S61 | S74 | S79 | S86 == Air transport == The most important airport in Poland is Warsaw 'Frederic Chopin' International Airport.
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