Historians and social scientists generally view the Cold War definition of Western and Eastern Europe as outdated or relegating. During the final stages of World War II, the future of Europe was decided between the Allies in the 1945 Yalta Conference, between the British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, the U.S.
This term had been used during World War II by German Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels and, later, Count Lutz Schwerin von Krosigk in the last days of the war; however, its use was hugely popularized by Winston Churchill, who used it in his famous "Sinews of Peace" address on 5 March 1946 at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri: Although some countries were officially neutral, they were classified according to the nature of their political and economic systems.
Several countries which had been part of the Soviet Union regained full independence. ===Western European Union=== In 1948 the Treaty of Brussels was signed between Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.
It was further revisited in 1954 at the Paris Conference, when the Western European Union was established.
Regional voting blocs were formed in 1961 to encourage voting to various UN bodies from different regional groups.
The partition is for statistical convenience and does not imply any assumption regarding political or other affiliation of countries or territories. In the UN geoscheme, the following countries are classified as Western Europe: Austria Belgium France Germany Liechtenstein Luxembourg Monaco Netherlands Switzerland ===Geography: Realms, Regions, and Concepts=== Geography: Realms, Regions, and Concepts has been published since 1971 and now in its 17th edition.
This division largely defines the popular perception and understanding of Western Europe and its borders with Eastern Europe. The world changed dramatically with the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989.
Comecon and the Warsaw Pact were dissolved, and in 1991, the Soviet Union ceased to exist.
It was declared defunct in 2011 after the Treaty of Lisbon, and the Treaty of Brussels was terminated.
According to a 2018 study by the Pew Research Center, 71.0% of Western Europeans identified as Christians. In 1054, the East–West Schism divided Christianity into Western Christianity and Eastern Christianity.
All figures based on the projections for 2018 by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Using the CIA classification a little more liberally and including "South-Western Europe", would give the following calculation of Western Europe's population. ==Climate== The climate of Western Europe varies from subtropical and semi-arid in the coasts of Italy, Portugal and Spain to alpine in the Pyrenees and the Alps.
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Page generated on 2021-08-05